This session describes a state agency's quality review of a not-for-profit organization's A-133 audit. The case study describes the organization audited, its Federally- and state-funded programs, and the CPA firm retained to do the audit. Various anomalies in the financial statements alerted State officials to potential problems, and a detailed quality review followed. Find out how the entity turned hundreds of thousands of dollars in bank overdrafts into hundreds of thousands of dollars of cash on its balance sheet. Explore other “creative” ways to deal with fixed assets, accounts receivable, and related-party transactions. Were the auditors just sloppy, ignorant, negligent? Or were they active participants in producing fraudulent financial statements? You be the judge.